The name means "land that never floods," a definite asset where monsoon rains are heavy and steady every summer. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tumblr Pinterest Reddit WhatsApp Telegram Viber Share via Email Print. Mahadev Temple, Tambdi Surla is a 12th-century Shaivite temple of the Lord Mahadeva and an active place of Hindu worship. Shanta Durga Temple at the foothill of Kavalem village in Ponda Taluka is … Then there is a wide-ranging and thoughtful analysis of the relationship of the two religious traditions in Goa as seen by Henn himself over many years of research. Isolated, the shunned Hindus eventually converted, out of the need to belong to some community. In 1567, the captain of Rachal Fort in South Goa bragged to his Portuguese king back home, "For nights and nights we went on demolishing, demolishing, demolishing 280 Hindu temples. Locality/village: Tambdi Surla : State: Goa: Deity: Lord Shiva Later we had an audience with Shrimad Vidyadhiraj Teertha Swami Maharaj. You can also fi… Historians say the early Portuguese played on the strict mentality of the Goans, using their prejudices against them. Therefore, each temple is the hub of a particular group of families who worship the same Deity. Devotees jumped with joy when they got a fruit falling in their hands, or a coin. “This is a heritage and religious site, we called the police, who requested them to move to another place for Pooja. Catholic Standard Close. Goa (Gomantak) was a bustling place, settled by Indians continuously from at least 1200 B.C. That was, it seemed, the only way conversions could be made, by largely allowing Hindus to retain aspects of their faith. Lord Parashurama then created eight villages for his new people. "Today it is said that our youth do not have faith. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Ninth All-India Hindu Rashtra Convention is being organized by Hindu Janajagruti Samiti between 30th July and 2nd August 2020 and 6th through 9th August 2020. The ubiquitous tulsi plant grows throughout the state, a local symbol marking a Hindu home, happily planted on front gardens everywhere and honored with daily arati by Hindu wives. Share. The Shri Mahalasa Narayani Temple at Mardol, in South Goa, is a Vaishnava sanctuary. Muslim Population in Goa is … Not one remained in the happy lands of our division." Panaji's terraced hills are dotted with colonial-era, Portuguese-style houses sporting red-tiled roofs and whimsical balconies. Several rulers followed, many vigorously proselytizing their own religious preferences--the Chutus of Karwar, the Western Kshatrapas, the Abhiras, the Bhojas, the Konkan Mauryas and others. In 2012, the Hindu-nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) took power in Goa, replacing the secular Congress Party, which was hit with a series of corruption scandals. "I am very optimistic about our religion. But anybody can come to the temple to have the darshan of the Deities.". In 1540, the Portuguese demolished all our temples located in the old conquest area; even the British did not damage our religion elsewhere in India the way the Portuguese did here in Goa. Once established in Ela, the Portuguese began a religious conquest, aiming to convert Hindus that had remained in the city. The next morning arrived with an air of festivity: it was Ramanavami, the celebration of Lord Rama's birthday. Three huge wooden chariots, about 22 feet high, carried the utsava murtis of Lord Rama and His family. I traveled to Goa with my wife Renu. Priests and trustees on the stage hurled apples, bananas and coconuts. In Goan temples, the supporting families reign. There, on a hillock near Priol surrounded by green hills, lies a temple dedicated to Lord Mangeshi, a form of Lord Siva. This system has been there for ages." Tradition has preserved the names of some of those pioneers: Adhyapan, Adhyayan, Yajana, Dana and Pratigraha. But this was the hath kata khamba (pole where hands are cut), used to punish those who committed crimes during the Portuguese era. One has to share with God one's plans and decide which flower represents those plans. Silver-clad doors and windows with intricate figurines create a rich and beautiful home for God. Blessed by His darshan, feeling uplifted and buoyant, we stepped out of the temple to a festive scene. Hinduism is the pre-dominant religion in Goa. Suddenly, we heard conches blown to their fullest. According to local lore, the guardians of the temple will remove their blessings and punish anyone who utters a lie under the bell or breaks a vow taken at that sacred spot. Persuasion rather than force were used to convert at first, and soldiers were encouraged to marry local women thus ensuring Christian children. It was a Saturday and the weekend spirit was alive. In our whole family, no decision is taken without consulting God here. Goa's two main maths are the Kavale Math (Smarta) and the Partagal Math (Vaishnavite). 1517 "At least from 1540 onwards, and in the island of Goa before that year, all the Hindu idols had been annihilated or had disappeared, all the temples… Ancient Goa was a Hindu region. After spending barely fifteen minutes at Calangute Beach, my wife whispered, "Let us move away from this place. Finally, in 1630, his distant successor returned to Goa; but in the interim, many of our people had come under the influence of dvaita philosophy and started the Partagal Math. I had never seen something like this in my life, anywhere. The math's sprawling campus houses a temple dedicated to Samsthan Aradhyadevata Shri Bhavani Shankar, an aspect of Siva, and is dotted with the samadhi shrines of several saints who lived here over the centuries. He continued, "In our math we emphasize tapas and festival vows. Prior to COVID-19 pandemic, devotees from all over India and Sri Lanka [where Vaz served as a missionary] visit this church during the novenas,” the priest said. In the volume, Henn advances two major claims. Nagarsenkar, Secretary of the Sri Mangeshi Devasthan, was kind enough to grant us an impromptu audience. We have two main purohitas at Shantadurga Temple. Our Swamiji [of the Smarta tradition] left for Mumbai and Varanasi. Only those belonging to Mahajana families can enter the sanctum sanctorum of the temple and perform pujas personally. Posted by. As nadasvarams started blaring, a contagious excitement ran though the crowd of devotees, myself included. The local priests, too, are connected to the GSB families. On Lord Rama's chariot the head of the math and a bevy of priests performed an elaborate puja, with flowers abounding. The accused bathed in the temple tank and was garlanded with red flowers of a plant locally known as pitkuli. It was going to be an all-night affair, with many foregoing sleep in favor of devotion. Its magnificent water tank is believed to be the oldest part of the complex. Hinduism, major world religion originating on the Indian subcontinent and comprising several and varied systems of philosophy, belief, and ritual. Goa Hindu Festivals. With some proof at the end. बाण मार दूंगा l. 23 days ago. "Our math was founded 550 years ago," explains Anil Pai, a trustee of Partagal Math. Alvares held a demonstration in front of the Old Church façade on Jan 3. A local historian, Dr. Pramod Pathak, explains that the pole was used to punish neo-converts who were not following their new Christian religion seriously and still lived like Hindus at home. The Tablet Each one performs pujas for certain GSB families. Legend says a cowherder discovered the spot, alerted by the reverential attitude of his cows near the stone. “Nearly two thousand people participated – with masks and maintaining social distancing. The management's rigorous attention to detail seems neither repressive nor inhibiting. Hindu temples in Goa are, almost all of them, private and run by traditional GSB families who allow guests to worship under rules. ", According to Venkatesh Naik Gaonkar, it was the leadership of the local maths that enabled Hinduism in Goa to withstand the turbulence of colonial years. "Now we have 33 branches all over India, where we run pathashalas, hospitals and temples. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Kaul prasad starts at 7:30 in the morning; about twelve abhishekam pujas are conducted every day. ", Manjunath Pai Dukle, President of Damodar Temple, shared some of the secrets of kaul prasad divination. Today there are as few as 700 Catholic priests in Goa. Soon a clear silence descended, as thousands awaited the speech given by the head of the math, Shri Gokarna Partagal Mathdhish Shripad Wader Shrimad Vidyadhiraj Teertha Swami Maharaj. To be a Hindu requires no fixed principle to be followed, unlike Islam. As the warm Goa evening progressed, I joined thousands of others in taking a turn pulling Lord Rama's chariot, shouldering one of the long, massive ropes. This temple, though large in relation to others in Goa, does not match the architectural magnitude of massive temples elsewhere in India. Legends say some died right after leaving the temple; others got seriously hurt or went mad. Church of St. Francis of Assisi. The BJP has strong links to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a militant Hindu nationalist organization. Tainted by these signs of alien behavior, those who lived there would be shunned by haughty Hindu neighbors. The indigenous population of the erstwhile Portuguese colony of Goa underwent a large-scale conversion from Hinduism to Christianity after its conquest and occupation by the Portuguese Empire, led by admiral Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510. There are no signs to identify it; a tourist might take it for a telephone pole. Early European travelers, like Venetian Pietro Della Valle, who visited Goa in the 1700s, denounced in their travelogues "unchristian" practices in local Catholic churches and shrines. Anyone can be a Hindu and may follow any path whatsoever. We were impressed with the modernity of his office, with a fast internet connection and television monitors covering almost every important area of the temple. This is believed to be the tallest such lamp in Goa--perhaps even in all of India. In olden days, the judicial system of this area gravitated around the powers of the Mahalasa bell. "We Saraswaths (meaning GSB families) are disciples of Goddess Sarasvati, the Goddess of knowledge," he began. They join each other's religious festivals as a courtesy. Almost all the present-day Goan Catholicsare descendants of these local converts to the religion. Coming from North India, I unconsciously brought along a prejudiced idea of this state that is common in our country. Around 353 years back we started celebrating Ramanavami in a particular way, a pattern we have followed ever since. While this might seem tangential to a discussion of modern Goa, it underlines the long, complicated nature of the Christian-Hindu encounter over 500 years. Rajendra S. Gaitonde explains, "The purohitas here do not get any wages; they earn by performing pujas. On the contrary, we felt inspired and respectful. Swamiji told me some of the resident brahmacharis and priests love their priestly craft so deeply that they follow a tradition, quite old in Goa, of branding holy symbols on their skin. Made of coconut fibers in the ancient tradition, these were many dozens of meters long. The very air erupted with myriad sounds of fervor and devotion, including crackers and fireworks. In the 3rd century ce, Goa was incorporated into the Mauryan Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka. Beautifully maintained, Shantadurga Temple stands on a patio surrounded by guest apartments. "The followers of the two maths intermarry their children, which also brings the institutions together," explains Anil Pai. With great fanfare, the palanquin procession was beginning, led by Shrimad Vidyadhiraj Teertha Swami. In 1764 this area, too, fell under Portuguese control; but by that time, the colonizers had lost their initial zeal, and the Hindu Gods could once again be worshiped in safety. Preference is given to the members of any GSB family, whose ancestors have owned and managed most of the prominent temples of Goa for ages. Along with photographer Vivek Ivan, we were driven straight to Calangute Beach. The first missionaries realized early on that despite the persuasive power of brute force--"conversions were made," wrote contemporary Portuguese chroniclers, with "the cross in one hand, the sword in the other"--it was difficult to wrench Goans from their Hindu beliefs and traditions. The glorious Chidambaram Temple of Tamil Nadu follows a similar system. We first visited Goa's state capital, Panaji, a city of only 65,000. Currents News In Goa, Shantadurga is She who mediates between Vishnu and Siva. Starting in 1936, the great Goan Masurekar Maharaj led a movement to bring brahmin Christians back to Hinduism. Angelus News Panaji, Nov 9 (IANS): Hindu groups in Goa have urged Chief Minister Pramod Sawant to impose a ban on the sale of Chinese firecrackers and those with the images of Hindu deities and national heroes on the cover, ahead of the Diwali season. Another intriguing feature is a temple bell under which vows are taken. 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